Maybe you are not sure what betta fish eat, how much, and how often. The truth is that you are not alone; a lot of people ask this question, and overfeeding is quite common. You can avoid complicating issues by not relying on the information you get from pet stores. Ideally, betta fish are picky eaters and tend to eat food they find on the surface of the water rather than on substrate of the tank.
If you are keeping betta fish in your aquarium, then you have to understand that they require a balanced diet with a lot of proteins because they are mainly carnivores. You should note that bettas survive by feeding on the roots of plants. Most people who keep these types of fish like to feed them on pellets as they are effective and simple. You should note that pellets cause a lot of mess and can easily portion them out for the feedings. Moreover, freeze-dried, live, or frozen foods can be used as treats or added to their daily feeding routines.
You should note that betta fish are regarded to be carnivores, and they eat a lot of insects while in the wild. Therefore, betta food replicates dietary needs without indigestible or added fillers. However, you may not find live foods to be the main diet for your fish. Therefore, you should get high-quality pellets, freeze-dried, and frozen foods. Ensure that the foods you choose offer the best nutritional value that focuses on your fish’s need for protein, fiber, fat, carbohydrates, phosphorous, vitamins, and calcium. It is a good idea to ensure that the food options you source contain protein as the major ingredient. Avoid purchasing feed flakes that are made of tropical fish and goldfish.
It is vital to note that betta fish have short digestive tracts, and they do not process fillers such as wheat and corn very well. You will be surprised to learn that these fillers are common in flake and pellet foods and can lead to digestive issues and bloat. Moreover, they do not get any nutritional benefit from fillers and pass them off as waste. Therefore, you have to provide them with foods that are rich in proteins if you want to satisfy their carnivorous needs. Also, moisture and fiber are quite important as they aid their digestion.
Freeze-dried food is a good option if you want to introduce natural foods to your betta fish. However, you should not use it to replace the quality of frozen or live foods.